What is Multiple Myeloma

There are so many reasons why a person may have certain health problems and unless the person goes to the doctor and have an overall physical check up he/she will know about it at all. Like for instance cancer, this particular disease is already affecting millions of people around the world and most cases re only detected due to its severity. One of the most common diseases nowadays is multiple myeloma and you probably want to know how a person can be diagnosed to have this particular disease.

Multiple myeloma is also known as Kahler’s disease. This type of cancer involves the white blood cells as well as antibodies production. As the abnormal cells collect themselves in bones, this then results in creating lesions to the bones as well as in the bone marrow itself which we all know creates normal cells of our blood. Nobody knows what actually causes multiple myeloma. Even doctors themselves cannot determine how one person develops this particular disease in the body and another person doesn’t. This type of disease is something that you cannot catch from another person. It just develops in the system of the person and more often will only be detected through its symptoms.A little bit more information regarding the disease itself before we go through its symptoms is that the disorder more often affects plasma cells of people who are at the age of sixty to seventy years of age. This rarely happens to those who are below thirty years of age and are more often experienced by females rather than males. You would probably like to know this first before making any other conclusions about having the disease.

The Symptoms

Multiple myeloma has a variety of common symptoms such as pain in the bones more often at the back and the ribs, bones get broken in the spine, the patient is often weak and tired, there is a hunger for thirst, are prone to infections which may result to frequent fevers, constipation, frequent urination, nausea and sudden weight loss. Such symptoms can be encountered due to other reasons and only a doctor may be able to provide you more details regarding the diagnosis just in case you do carry the disease.

How to Diagnose

The doctors are the one who takes care of the whole procedure before giving any diagnosis to the patient who may or may not has multiple myeloma. There will be a routine blood test to be done in a frequent manner, creatinine tests and urine tests will be done, bone x-rays will be requested, and then bone marrow aspiration or biopsy will be done for further results coming from the bone marrow. These tests will rule out any other possible connection with other diseases and from here the doctor will be able to determine a clear diagnosis for this particular health problem.If you are then diagnosed to have the disease, you will have to go through proper treatment. A specialist will be able to discuss which procedure will best give the patient results to survive this type of cancer. More often therapies and stem cell transplant are methods to be used to treat multiple myeloma.

Featured Image: depositphotos/ivelin

Posted on May 5, 2023